Catherine of Aragon, born 16 December 1485, was the first wife of King Henry VIII. An intelligent woman, Catherine was well educated, musical and strong. During a war with Scotland, she rode in full armour despite being heavily pregnant. From 1509, Catherine became pregnant five times, but only one survived, a daughter, the future Mary I. Henry was displeased that Catherine had been unable to produce a son and in 1925 asked to have their marriage annulled so he could pursue his current infatuation, the much younger Anne Boleyn. Catherine was defiant when it was suggested that she quietly retire to a nunnery, saying, "God never called me to a nunnery. I am the King’s true and legitimate wife." Despite her efforts, in 1533 their marriage was declared invalid. Catherine was banished from court, and her old rooms were given to Anne Boleyn. She moved to Kimbolton Castle and in late December 1535. Feeling that her life was soon to come to an end, she wrote one final letter to Henry, her “most dear lord, king and husband”. Catherine died on 7 January 1536 at 50 years old.
"Nature wronged her in making her a woman. But for her sex she could have surpassed all the heros of history." - Thomas Cromwell